FS101-28, Allegheny College, Fall 2017, Judson Herrman
General course materials
Assignment descriptions for essays and reports
Discussion questions (mostly uncorrected, as submitted by students)
For 17 October (Twomey and Miller):
For 19 October (Blaisdell)
- Were public burials used to make sure everyone who fought in war got a
- In the Iliad most of the Greek soldiers were there to fight for their
honor; they wanted their names to be sung for thousands of years. But at
these Athenian public burial ceremonies no individuals are mentioned. Why
- After the dead are buried there are contests, similar to the contests we
read about in book 23 of the Iliad, what do they symbolize?
- Why do you think there wasn't a fixed date for the public burials, was
it something done to promote unity among the Athenian people or did it
serve another purpose?
- Why is death in battle praised and seen as glorious?
- Why is it important that no matter the class or rank of a soldier that
they received the same burial?
- Do you think burying every soldier that died in battle together would
eradicate class differences?
- Is it strange for Athens to be a democracy, especially after reading
the Iliad were kings made all of the decisions?
- Was Athens the most unified Greek empire?
- Compare the funeral operations of ancient Athens ( as stated in
paragraph 2 of Everett), the civil war, and modern wars. How do they
differ? Are there similarities?
- What is the importance of creating a physical memorial to the dead?
- How has the role of women in war changed from ancient Greece to modern
For 26 October (Means on pp 1-24, French on pp 25-56)
- What made the Greeks' virtue much more strong willed than their allies?
- Going off the given answers to number one, if those didn't exist would
everything be different? How so? Or if their allies had the same would they
be like the Greeks as well?
- What's the biggest factor that allows the Greeks to be "above"
everyone else in their virtue?
For 31 October (Xander)
- How would you feel if you had a family member fight in the civil war and
their body was never found? Would you want their name on a monument? How
can you pay your respect?
- Do you feel that we should bury the northerners together with the
southerners who fought in the civil war, or should these graves be
For 31 October (Nottage)
- Why do you think that women of the South were more hesitant to
- Why is it that women would rather be memorialized for their
leadership as nurses, as opposed to being remembered solely as
"instinctual support for men"?
- Do you think Clara Barton's paragraph helped her in trying to
advocate for women's rights?
- What is the significant difference between women being remembered
for their war efforts by a book compared to a monument? Which one do
you think women of this time would prefer?
- Were women of the Union and Confederacy striving for the same
thing in regards to gender equality?
- In Laura Rose's speech she states, "The heroism of the noble women
was a moral heroism even greater and grander than that of the
soldiers who fell in the excitement of battle." Do you think this
comment was solely intended to push for racial equality, or was she
trying to take something away from the men's efforts?
- When Napoleon gave credit to the "Southern Mothers", could this be
considered as offensive to women who did more in the war?
For 7 Nov. (Hackman)
- Is Robert E Lee a hero even though he fought for the south?
- Should he still be memorialized? If so as a hero or a regular
person that fought in the civil war?
- Why should we remember people that fought for the other side?
For 9 Nov. (Taylor)
- Compare and contrast the themes, purposes, and effects of monuments
and popular literary works.
- How did the 54th Massachusetts Regiment help racial issues during the
- How did stereotypes of black people begin to change?
- In what ways does Shaw's monument vary from that of other
Civil War heroes? Consider especially monuments already discussed.
- In William James' speech for the Shaw memorial how does James
compare Americans, and especially the 54th regiment, to Greek
history and culture? (see pg. 123)
For 14 Nov. (Landgraf)
- How did supporters' views of Lincoln differ from his opposers'?
- What did Seward say about "The first Reading of the
Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln(1864)"
- What did African Americans commemorate, instead of Lincoln,
as the reason for the abolishing of slavery?
- What are similarities and differences between Douglas and Turner's speeches?
- What was the controversy surrounding Bernard's monument?
- Does Shaw or Ruckstull provide the best explanation for which monument would be best?
For 21 Nov. (Wiard)
- Compare and contrast memorials commemorating victory and victorious leaders vs. memorials commemorating loss.
- How do you think the revival of Classicism shaped war
- Why do you think Great Britain never erected any significant national war memorials before the Great War?
- Compare and contrast the Cenotaph, Arc de Triomphe, and the Thiepval Arch.
- How does religion play a large role in the construction of war memorials?
For 28 Nov. (Lashbrook)
- How do you feel about the idea of "false" graves?
"gravestone with no bodies"
- What is the significance of the lion at the front of Bloomfield's
- Is it important to honor the "missing" the way we honor our "heroes"?
- Does having a memorial where an event/battle took place give it more
- Would you want a loved one to be buried where they died fighting or
close to home?
- What makes architects often go for Greek/Roman design
themes? example: a building of only material (?)
- How did Lutyen's creation change the Architectural Climate?
For 30 Nov. (Kline)
- Why was the unveiling of the Thiepval (1932) for all appearances ignored
by the country?
- Would building memorials dedicated to helping the community in some
way(i.e., hospital wings and the like) serve to lessen or improve the
remembrance of it?
- Should the ideals of the original architect be upheld when changes are
made to monuments? even if they no longer fit current fashions?
- Would the money spent of memorials have been better spent on the veterans
who made it home from war, who were all lacking wealth and jobs?
- How did the war contribute to the beginning of women's rights?
- Was the monument justice enough for all the souls lost and commemorated
on it? (see pages 174-5)
- What is the effect of the Theipval arches on a viewer, does it show
victory/triumph/humility? What was it you think the architect was truing to
convey with them?
- Is it possible for a monument to be apolitical? To focus on
an aspect of death when that death may have been the result of
- Do veterans/survivors of what a monument is dedicated to have a right to
decide how that monument is portrayed?
- Does an artist need an appropriate background to validate the design of
- Do architects have a right to change (add/subtract to) a memorial built
by another artist?
- What defines something as a memorial?